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Document de lucru al Raportorului Parlamentului European Ioan Mircea Pascu privind situatia strategica si militara in Bazinul Marii Negre dupa anexarea ilegala a Crimeii de catre Rusia

January 28th, 2015

Prezentatam textul integral al “Documentului de lucru privind situatia strategica si militara in Bazinul Marii Negre dupa anexarea ilegala a Crimeii de catre Rusia” elaborat de europarlamentarul PSD, Ioan Mircea Pascu, vicepresedinte al Parlamentului European.
 
Ioan Mircea Pascu este raportor al Parlamentului European pentru situatia din Marea Neagra, dupa anexarea ilegala a Crimeii.
 
Documentul de lucru a fost discutat in reuniunea subcomisiei pentru securitate si aparare (SEDE) de miercuri 21 ianuarie.
 
Inregistrarea integrala a dezbaterii din Subcomisia SEDE dedicata documentului de lucru poate fi regasita pe site-ul Parlamentului European.
Subcommittee on Security and Defence    

 
WORKING DOCUMENT on The strategic military situation in the Black Sea Basin following the illegal annexation of Crimea by Russia  

 
Rapporteur: Ioan Mircea Pascu  
 
The strategic military situation in the Black Sea Basin following the illegal annexation of Crimea by Russia  
 
The illegal annexation of Crimea and the subsequent destabilisation of Eastern Ukraine have significantly altered the strategic landscape in the Black Sea and the adjacent area. Russia’s challenge to the international legal order and to the European post-Cold War security system, initiated in the wider Black Sea region, generated and will further require both tactical and strategic responses from the European Union, NATO, the US and from all Black Sea riparian States.
 
A European Parliament report dealing with the strategic, political and military implications of the illegal annexation of Crimea and of the military conflict in Eastern Ukraine for the security situation in the Black Sea Basin is thus timely.
 
Context and general approach  
 
In general lines, the report aims to analyse the military and security situation in the Black Sea Basin following the illegal annexation of Crimea by Russia in March 2014 and the ongoing military conflict in Eastern Ukraine.
 
The report intends to bring the European Parliament’s perspective on the challenges to the individual and/or the collective security and defence policies of the countries in the region and the roles assumed by the European Union, NATO and the US in contributing to the stability in the Black Sea Basin.
 
Your Rapporteur believes that the change in the strategic landscape and the evolving military situation in the Black Sea Basin are indicative of broader, systemic, challenges to European security and that the European Union and the EU Member States must have a coherent and unitary response to these challenges. The Report will also scrutinise the factors that might lead to further dynamics and developments (improvement/deterioration) of the security situation and regional threats.
 
The report will make several recommendations on how to address the regional challenges, by using existing CFSP and CSDP tools. The rapporteur is looking forward to cooperating with shadow rapporteurs and fellow colleagues for achieving a common perspective of the European Parliament on the matter.
 
Change in the strategic and security landscape of the Black Sea  
 
The takeover of Crimea changed significantly the strategic landscape in the Black Sea Basin.
 
The military balance in the Black Sea Basin has shifted, with Russia getting closer to NATO by hundreds of kilometres; the Azov Sea has been sealed, thus strengthening Russia’s defence and providing direct access to the oil and gas reserves of the continental shelf of Ukraine. At the same time, the annexation of Crimea and the expansion and modernisation of the Black Sea Fleet will enhance Russia’s defensive and offensive military posture and her ability to project power, beyond the Black Sea, towards the Eastern Mediterranean, the Balkans and the Middle East.
Still, by exercising control of the Black Sea Straights, combined with the naval and air general superiority, NATO continues to hold the upper hand militarily in the Black Sea.
 
The report will equally analyse the potential military consequences for the other riparian States and the strategic implications for the current “frozen/protracted conflicts” in the wider region.
 
By annexing Crimea, Russia challenged the international legal order and the established rules of behaviour between states. A number of questions including: borders, water delimitation, resources (oil, gas), supply solutions etc. need to be addressed.
 
Further efforts are needed to respond properly to the new threats in the region, including subversion and hybrid war.
 
The current crisis could affect existing frameworks of cooperation dedicated to other dimensions of security, such as combating illegal trafficking and migration, organized crime etc.
 
The correlation with the critical aspect of energy security in the Black Sea and beyond will be also explored.
 
Role of international actors
 
Due to the heterogeneous character of the region, there is no Black Sea institutional architecture with security relevance.
 
The EU has a wide range of external policies for the Black Sea region in order to respond to the diversity of states and regional challenges: the Black Sea Synergy; the European Neighbourhood Policy and the Eastern Partnership, particularly the Association Agreements with the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, Georgia; the formerly strategic partnership with Russia; the relationship with Turkey; as well as CSDP civilian missions.
 
In order to increase its credible contribution to the Black Sea region as a whole, the European Union must have more than a minimal approach.
 
The rapporteur considers that the Black Sea region should get higher priority for the EU, as requested by the European Parliament in several resolutions (most notably in the 2011 Resolution “An EU Strategy for the Black Sea”)
 
The Report will also present NATO’s strategic reassurance measures for the eastern Allies, as decided at the Wales Summit, and will stress the need for strengthening NATO-EU as well as the transatlantic coordination in the Black Sea region.
 
The EU puts more pressure on Russia by tightening the sanctions and widening its ban on investment in Crimea to target the Russian oil and gas exploration in the Black Sea.
 
The European Council strongly condemned the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation and the EU Member States will not recognise it.
 
For Russia the annexation of Crimea is, consequently, associated with significant political and economic costs.
 
Russia is an indispensable major actor of the international system and will remain so for the foreseeable future which would require a cooperative, rather than conflictual relationship in the long run. However, in the short term, any resumption of cooperation should be first backed up by a strong strategic reassurance continuing to be offered to NATO’s eastern members and second, by the fact that there can be no political solution based on accepting the illegal annexation of Crimea.

 



Comunicat de presa: “Ioan Mircea Pascu la Conferinta internationala pentru securitate de la Viena: Europa trebuie sa integreze dimensiunile interne si externe ale securitatii intr-un concept cuprinzator”

January 28th, 2015

Europarlamentarul PSD Ioan Mircea Pascu, vicepresedinte al Parlamentului European a participat in perioada 26-27 ianuarie la Conferinta Internationala: “Amenintari la adresa Europei 2.0. Noi paradigme pentru securitatea europeana” organizata la Viena de Forumul Bruno Kreisky pentru dialog international, Directoratul pentru Politica de Securitate al Ministerului federal austriac al apararii si sporturilor si Centrul pentru Strategii Liberale din Sofia.
 
Conferinta a reunit inalti reprezentanti ai politicii de securitate a Uniunii Europene si statelor membre, reprezentanti ai Organizatiei Natiunilor Unite, Statelor Unite, Turciei, Federatiei Ruse, personalitati marcante ale comunitatii academice si centrelor internationale de analiza in domeniul apararii si securitatii globale.
 
Ioan Mircea Pascu a punctat in interventia sa principala din cadrul panelului “Rolul viitor al institutiilor europene”: “Uniunea Europeana are nevoie de un concept de securitate cuprinzator care sa integreze atat dimensiunile interne cat si pe cele externe ale securitatii, aparand astfel atat cetatenii UE la nivel individual, cat si teritoriile statelor membre. Astazi, demarcarea dintre politicile de securitate interne si cele care raspund amenintarilor externe este din ce in ce mai putin evidenta, cele doua dimensiuni apropiindu-se inevitabil in aceasta lume globalizata”.
 
Vicepresedintele Parlamentului European a aratat ca Uniunea Europeana este confruntata simultan cu doua tipuri de amenintari principale: o provocare la adresa securitatii externe, inteleasa in mod traditional ca potentiala agresiune teritoriala conventionala de mare amploare, respectiv o amenintare la adresa securitatii interne, la nivel individual, al cetateanului, reprezentata recent de atacurile teroriste ale ISIS din Franta.
 
Ioan Mircea Pascu a comparat structurile institutionale si capacitatile politicii externe si de securitate, respectiv cele ale securitatii interne ale Uniunii Europene si statelor membre si a subliniat necesitatea cooperarii intre cele doua componente si rolul pe care il poate juca Inaltul Reprezentant al Uniunii in acest proces.
 
Referindu-se la evolutiile actuale din domeniul politicii comune de securitate si aparare (PESA), eurodeputatul PSD a evidentiat importanta unei abordari ambitioase a securitatii europene in cadrul viitoarei reuniuni a Consiliului European, dedicata apararii, din luna iunie: “Avem nevoie de o noua Strategie de securitate europeana, care sa armonizeze perceptiile nationale diferite privind amenintarile de securitate, care sa identifice amenintarile comune si sa creeze obisnuinta cooperarii intre statele membre ale Uniunii si in acest domeniu”.
 

“Parlamentul European este angajat activ in dezbaterea privind politicile de securitate si apreciez ca rolul si perspectiva sa strategica s-au schimbat substantial, devenind mult mai semnificative in actualul context”, a concluzionat vicepresedintele Ioan Mircea Pascu.
 
Mai multe detalii privind proiectul “Noi paradigme pentru Europa si vecinatatea ei ” pot fi regasite la: http://www.kreisky-forum.org/conferences.html



Agentiile internationale de presa despre dezbaterea in SEDE a Raportului Ioan Mircea Pascu privind situatia de securitate in Marea Neagra dupa anexarea ilegala a Crimeii

January 23rd, 2015

Agentia Interfax Ucraina
 

European Parliament alarmed by Crimea’s militarization

 

Russia’s actions against Ukraine violated the Helsinki Final Act and the Budapest memorandum, according to which Ukraine gave up nuclear weapons in exchange for guarantees for its sovereignty and territorial integrity, Romanian MEP Ioan Mircea Pascu (Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament) has said.
 
Russia has always expressed disquiet over NATO’s expansion. Now Russia has come close to NATO, Pascu said while presenting a draft of his report on the military situation in the Black Sea basin after Russia’s annexation of Crimea.
 
During the first discussion of Pascu’s draft report, Polish MEP Marek Jurek (European Conservatives and Reformists) noted that the annexation of Crimea had completely changed the security situation, and that the EU should find a proper political answer to Moscow’s actions.
 
Our reaction should be symmetrical. If the situation in the Black Sea basin is changing the West must respond as well, especially considering that the Baltic States are also under threat, Jurek said.
 
Another representative of the conservatives Charles Tannock (UK) drew attention to the situation of ethnic Ukrainians and Crimean Tatars in Crimea, which has considerably worsened since Russia’s annexation of the peninsula.
 
It became a fascist regime towards the Ukrainians and Crimean Tatars, he noted.
 
In addition, the recent Russian-Turkish negotiations made Tannock doubt that Ankara would remain a reliable NATO ally.
 
In turn, Estonian MEP Tunne Kelam (European People’s Party) noted that Russia had violated the existing world order.
 
Crimea has now become a Russian base, and more and more soldiers are going to it, he said.
 
The MEP didn’t rule out the possibility that Russia would try to set up a corridor to Transdniestria through Mariupol and Odesa. He urged for a more active position regarding Moscow.
 
If there were no sanctions, Russia would have already done it, he noted.
 
The draft of the report will likely be put to a vote in the session hall in March 2015.


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